The Moringa Oleifera Tree

Moringa oleifera is a highly valued plant all around the world. Moringa Oleifera is prized because every part of the  tree: roots, seeds, flowers, etc.- can be used as food or medicine. Oftentimes, the medicines derived from Moringa Oleifera trees are lifesaving. The tree originated in the Himalayas of northwestern India but now is mostly cultivated in Sri Lanka, Mexico, Malaysia, the Philippines and in some countries in Africa.

 

Moringa tree names

Moringa Oleifera Lam (Latin) has many names, it is also known as Drumstick tree (because of the resemblance of the fruits to drumsticks), Horseradish tree (because the leaf have mild horseradish taste), Ben oil tree (after the name of the "Ben oil" produced from it's seeds). And in other languages it is named Malunggay, Tamil murungai, Muringakkaya, Murunga and there are many many more Click here for the complete list of Moringa names

 

The different parts of the Moringa tree and their usage:

moringa leafMoringa Roots
moringa leafMoringa Bark & Branches
moringa leafMoringa Leaf
moringa leafMoringa Fruits
moringa leafMoringa Seeds
moringa leafMoringa Flowers
moringa leafMoringa Oil

List of Chemical in the Moringa Oleifera Tree:

Chemical Part Lo ppm Hi ppm
BAYRENOL  Bark    
KAEMPFEROL  Flower    
QUERCETIN  Flower    
ASCORBIC-ACID  Fruit   1200
ASH  Fruit 9700 82200
CALCIUM  Fruit 300 2545
CARBOHYDRATES  Fruit 85300 722880
CHOLINE  Fruit   4230
FAT  Fruit 2000 16950
FIBER  Fruit 13000 110170
INDOLE-ACETIC-ACID  Fruit    
INDOLEACETONITRILE  Fruit    
IRON  Fruit 3 30
KILOCALORIES  Fruit 370 3135
MAGNESIUM  Fruit 450 3815
NIACIN  Fruit 2 52
OXALIC-ACID  Fruit   1010
PHOSPHORUS  Fruit 500 4235
POTASSIUM  Fruit 4610 39065
PROTEIN  Fruit 21000 177965
RIBOFLAVIN  Fruit 0.7 6.3
SODIUM  Fruit 420 3560
SULFUR  Fruit   1370
THIAMIN  Fruit 0.5 4.5
VIT-B-6  Fruit 1 10
WATER  Fruit   882000
ASCORBIC-ACID  Leaf 2200 8800
ASH  Leaf 23000 92000
BETA-CAROTENE  Leaf 18 72
CAFFEIC-ACID  Leaf    
CALCIUM  Leaf 4400 17600
CARBOHYDRATES  Leaf 134000 536000
CHOLINE  Leaf   4230
COPPER  Leaf 1 4
FAT  Leaf 17000 68000
FIBER  Leaf 9000 36000
FLUORINE  Leaf   4
IODINE  Leaf 0.05 0.7
IRON  Leaf 70 280
KAEMPFEROL  Leaf    
NIAZIMIN  Leaf    
OXALATE  Leaf   32400
OXALIC-ACID  Leaf   1010
PHOSPHORUS  Leaf 700 2800
PROLAMINE  Leaf    
PROTEIN  Leaf 67000 268000
QUERCETIN  Leaf    
RIBOFLAVIN  Leaf 0.6 6
SULFUR  Leaf   1370
TOCOPHEROLS  Leaf 74 296
WATER  Leaf   750000
D-GALACTOSE  Resin, Exudate, Sap    
D-GLUCURONIC-ACID  Resin, Exudate, Sap    
D-MANNOSE  Resin, Exudate, Sap    
D-XYLOSE  Resin, Exudate, Sap    
L-ARABINOSE  Resin, Exudate, Sap    
L-RHAMNOSE  Resin, Exudate, Sap    
1-BETA-D-GLUCOSYL-2,6-DIMETHYL-BENZOATE  Root    
4-(ALPHA-L-RHAMNOSYLOXY)-BENZYLGLUCOCYANATE  Root   10000
BENZYL-ISOTHIOCYANATE  Root    
GLUCOTROPAEOLIN  Root   500
PHYTOSTEROLS  Root    
PTERYGOSPERMIN  Root    
SPIROCHIN  Root    
ALKALOIDS  Root Bark   1000
BENZYL-AMINE  Root Bark    
MORINGINE  Root Bark    
MORINGININE  Root Bark    
2,4-METHYLENE-CHOLESTEROL  Seed    
28-ISOAVENASTEROL  Seed    
4-(ALPHA-L-RHAMNOSYLOXY)-BENZYLGLUCOSINOLATE  Seed    
4-(ALPHA-L-RHAMNOSYLOXY)-BENZYLISOTHIOCYANATE  Seed 80000 100000
ALPHA-TOCOPHEROL  Seed    
ARACHIDIC-ACID  Seed 16600 39000
ASH  Seed 32000 33333
BEHENIC-ACID  Seed 17200 43000
BETA-CAROTENE  Seed   100
BETA-SITOSTEROL  Seed    
BRASSICASTEROL  Seed    
CAMPESTANOL  Seed    
CAMPESTEROL  Seed    
CARBOHYDRATES  Seed 199000 207290
CHOLESTEROL  Seed    
CLEROSTEROL  Seed    
DELTA-5-AVENASTEROL  Seed    
DELTA-7,14-STIGMASTANOL  Seed    
DELTA-7-AVENASTEROL  Seed    
DELTA-TOCOPHEROL  Seed    
EICOSANIC-ACID  Seed    
ERGOSTADIENOL  Seed    
FAT  Seed 200000 500000
FIBER  Seed 35000 36450
GADOLEIC-ACID  Seed 4800 12700
GAMMA-TOCOPHEROL  Seed    
GLUCOSINOLATES  Seed   70000
LIGNOCERIC-ACID  Seed    
MYRISTIC-ACID  Seed    
OLEIC-ACID  Seed 120000 380000
PALMITIC-ACID  Seed 6000 60000
PROTEIN  Seed 384000 400000
STEARIC-ACID  Seed 6000 60000
STIGMASTANOL  Seed    
STIGMASTEROL  Seed    
TOCOPHEROLS  Seed    
WATER  Seed   40000
ALANINE  Shoot 5320 24930
ARGININE  Shoot 5320 24930
ASCORBIC-ACID  Shoot 517 2425
ASH  Shoot 22600 105900
ASPARTIC-ACID  Shoot 9200 43110
BETA-CAROTENE  Shoot 45 215
CARBOHYDRATES  Shoot 82800 388000
CYSTINE  Shoot 1400 6560
FAT  Shoot 14000 65600
FIBER  Shoot 15000 70290
GLUTAMIC-ACID  Shoot 10350 48500
GLYCINE  Shoot 5170 24225
HISTIDINE  Shoot 1960 9185
IRON  Shoot 40 185
ISOLEUCINE  Shoot 4510 21135
KILOCALORIES  Shoot 640 3000
LEUCINE  Shoot 7910 37065
LYSINE  Shoot 5370 25165
MAGNESIUM  Shoot 1470 6890
METHIONINE  Shoot 1230 5765
NIACIN  Shoot 8 105
PHENYLALANINE  Shoot 4870 22820
PHOSPHORUS  Shoot 1120 5250
POTASSIUM  Shoot 3370 15790
PROLINE  Shoot 4510 21135
PROTEIN  Shoot 94000 440485
RIBOFLAVIN  Shoot 6 30
SERINE  Shoot 4140 19400
SODIUM  Shoot 90 420
THIAMIN  Shoot 2 12
THREONINE  Shoot 4110 19260
TRYPTOPHAN  Shoot 1440 6745
TYROSINE  Shoot 3470 16260
VALINE  Shoot 6110 28630
VIT-B-6  Shoot 12 56
WATER  Shoot   786600
4-HYDROXYMELLEIN  Stem    
BASSORIN  Stem    
BETA-SITOSTEROL  Stem    
BETA-SITOSTERONE  Stem    
EMULSIN  Stem    
MYROSIN  Stem    
OCTACOSANOIC-ACID  Stem    
VANILLIN  Stem